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Cats are the companion animals par excellence with dogs and one of the most remarkable features of felines is their independence, however, these animals are also very affectionate and equally require care to ensure a complete state of well-being.
Like any other animal, cats are susceptible to contracting multiple diseases and a good number of these are of infectious origin, so it is very important to know how to identify the symptoms of certain diseases that require urgent treatment.
In this article we talk about the peritonitis in cats as well as the necessary treatment in this disease.
Feline infectious peritonitis, also known as FIV for its acronym in English is the most common cause of death in cats due to infectious disease.
This pathology is due to an erroneous reaction of the immune system and the most accepted hypothesis is that It is caused by the feline coronavirus. Under normal conditions the immune system of the cat is able to completely eliminate the virus, but in some cases the reaction of the immune system is abnormal, the virus is not eliminated and ends up causing peritonitis.
The term “peritonitis” indicates inflammation of the peritoneum, which is the membrane that covers the abdominal viscera, however, when we speak of feline infectious peritonitis we refer to a vasculitis, that is, to a inflammation of blood vessels.
This disease can become common in large groups of cats, however, those domestic cats that are infected are also susceptible to infection. Contact with the outside as usual.
The virus that causes peritonitis in cats infects the feline organism by inhaling or ingesting the pathogen, which is found in faeces and contaminated surfaces.
The symptoms of peritonitis in cats will depend on the affected blood vessels as well as the organs to which they provide blood and nutrients, in addition, we can distinguish two forms of disease, one acute and one chronic.
Symptoms of infectious feline effusive or wet (acute) peritonitis:
Symptoms of infectious dry or non-effusive (chronic) peritonitis:
If you notice any of these symptoms in your cat, you should go to the vet urgently to proceed to verify the diagnosis.
The definitive diagnosis of this disease can only be made by biopsy or after the death of the animal, however, the veterinarian will request a blood test to evaluate the following parameters:
Based on the results obtained, the veterinarian can confirm the diagnosis of feline infectious peritonitis.
Feline infectious peritonitis it is considered an incurable disease although occasionally a remission of it is observed, so that different therapeutic tools can be used in its treatment.
Depending on each specific case, the veterinarian can use The following measures:
Remember that the veterinarian is the only person qualified to recommend a certain treatment and it will also be the same one who can offer you a prognosis, which varies depending on each particular case.
One of the most effective preventive tools is the control of those cats who have already been diagnosed with feline infectious peritonitis, this control should be based on an optimal hygiene of the cat’s accessories and its surroundings and a restriction of outward outflows.
While is true that there is a vaccine against feline infectious peritonitis, studies evaluating the effectiveness of this are inconclusive and in some cases the application is not recommended, your veterinarian can evaluate the administration of this preparation in your cat.
This article is merely informative, in .com we do not have the faculty to prescribe veterinary treatments or make any kind of diagnosis. We invite you to take your pet to the veterinarian in case of any type of condition or discomfort.
If you want to read more articles similar to Peritonitis in cats – Treatment, we recommend that you enter in our section of viral diseases.
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